About Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a type of specific learning disability that causes difficulty mainly with reading, but also with writing, spelling and word pronunciation. Dyslexia is a life-long condition. Q: What Is Dyslexia? A: Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. The definition of Dyslexia by The International Dyslexia Association (November 2oo2) states that:

“It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and / or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.”

The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) also use this definition.

People with Dyslexia have been shown in studies to use a differnt part of their brain in the process of information. Many people are also shown to have intelligence which is average to above average.

Video explaining how people with Dyslexia see the words

Source: The International Dyslexia Association

Normal and dyslexic brains differ during reading

Neural signature for DyslexiaBrain scan revealed under activity in centres towards the rear of dyslexics’ brains when they were challenged in reading test. A region toward the front of the brains was overactive but didn’t perform well.

The findings provide dramatic evidence that people with dyslexia are not poorly taught, lazy, or stupid, but have an inborn brain abnormality that has nothing to do with intelligence, say the scientists from Yale School of Medicine.

Source: Boston Globe

Strengths of Dyslexia

Many people with learning differences of Dyslexia are capable of some extraordinary thinking and can be extremely successful once they learn some management strategies. This is why we prefer to call them, more appropriately, Creative Thinkers. Some of their strengths include:

  • Persistence
  • Concentration
  • Perception
  • Vivid imagination
  • Creativity
  • Drive and ambition
  • Curiosity
  • Thinking in pictures instead of words
  • Superior reasoning
  • Capable of seeing things differently from others
  • Event management
  • Love of complexity
  • Simultaneous multiple thought processing
  • Quickly mastering new concepts, and
  • Not following the crowd

Source: DyslexicHelp.co.uk

Famous people with the gift of Dyslexia

There are thousands of very successful people in life living with Dyslexia. Millions around the world learn to manage and their condition and understand who they are and how to adapt to their situations. Some famous people with dyslexia include:

  • Orlando Bloom
  • Tom Cruise
  • Henry Winkler
  • Danny Glover
  • Whoopi Goldberg
  • Keanu Reeves
  • Albert Einstein
  • Learonardo da Vinci
  • Ansel Adams
  • Pablo Picasso
  • Andy Warhol
  • John Lennon
  • Muhammad Ali
  • Richard Branson
  • Henry Ford
  • Steven Spielberg

…and many more.

Source: Dyslexia.com